Perpendicular bisector of a chord
A chord is any line drawn across a circle, from one point on the circumference to another:
The perpendicular bisector of a chord is the line that cuts the chord in half, at a right angle:
The perpendicular bisector of a chord passes through the centre of the circle.
This theorem is covered in this video on circle theorems:
To prove this theorem, we can form a triangle AOB, where O is the centre of the circle, and A and B are the points where the chord meets the circumference:
The perpendicular bisector of the side AB (the chord) is an axis of symmetry of the isosceles triangle:
We know that the axis of symmetry an isosceles triangle passes through the vertex O, (which is the centre of the circle).
Therefore the perpendicular bisector of the chord passes through the centre of the circle.