A triangle formed by two radii of a circle is always an isosceles triangle.
Here is a video on the topic:
An isosceles triangle is a triangle that has two equal sides, like this:
The two angles at the base of an isosceles triangle are always equal.
Two radii of a circle
Two radii form the two equal sides of a triangle. The third side is formed by the chord that joins the ends of the two radii.
Since it is an isosceles triangle, it follows that the angles between the two radii and the chord that forms the third side of the triangle are also equal.
A circle is a set of points that are all the same distance from the centre.
A radius is a line drawn from the centre to any point on the circle.
Since every point on the circle is the same distance from the centre, every radius is the same length no matter where it is drawn.
Two sides of the triangle are radii of the circle and therefore have the same length. Any triangle with two equal sides is an isosceles triangle, by definition.
Since it is an isosceles triangle, the two angles A and B are also equal. This fact is sometimes useful, for example:
It might not be immediately obvious what the angle x is. But if we remember that the triangle is an isosceles triangle we can see very easily that x is equal to the other angle at the base, so it is 70 degrees.
- Parts of a circle
- Tangent and radius of a circle meet at 90°
- Perpendicular bisector of a chord
- Angle at the centre of a circle is twice the angle at the circumference
- Angle in a semicircle is 90 degrees
- Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal
- Opposite angles in a cyclic quadrilateral add up to 180°
- Two tangents from a point have equal length
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